Extras

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Preview

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Preview

Take a journey through history, told through six objects modern people take for granted.

Preview

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Polybius Square

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Polybius Square

Polybius invents a code so words can be exchanged between battalions freely.

Polybius Square

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World The Ultimate Rocket Fuel

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

The Ultimate Rocket Fuel

Jim Al-Khalili demonstrates why hydrogen is the ultimate rocket fuel.

The Ultimate Rocket Fuel

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 5 Preview | The Rocket

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Episode 5 Preview | The Rocket

Blast off into history to see how rockets originated not in the sky, but in a cave.

Episode 5 Preview | The Rocket

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World The Rocket Equation

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

The Rocket Equation

Franklin Chang-Diaz demonstrates the energy required to launch a rocket into space.

The Rocket Equation

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World A Chicago Slaughterhouse

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

A Chicago Slaughterhouse

In 1909, the Model T’s first year of production, Henry Ford sells over 10,000 cars.

A Chicago Slaughterhouse

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 4 Preview | The Car

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Episode 4 Preview | The Car

Go for a ride through the 9,000-year history of the ultimate freedom machine: the car.

Episode 4 Preview | The Car

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World The First Long Distance Test Drive

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

The First Long Distance Test Drive

In 1886 Karl Benz has his patent accepted for what is regarded as the first automobile.

The First Long Distance Test Drive

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 3 Preview | The Robot

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Episode 3 Preview | The Robot

Check out the history of robots and learn how they are becoming a part of everyday life.

Episode 3 Preview | The Robot

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Humanoid Robots

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Humanoid Robots

A lab in Germany is developing a robot that could fill factories with mechanical workers.

Humanoid Robots

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Alphonse Pénaud - The Forgotten Pioneer

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Alphonse Pénaud - The Forgotten Pioneer

The invention of the rubber powered plane inspires the famous Wright brothers.

Alphonse Pénaud - The Forgotten Pioneer

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Frank Whittle and the Jet Man

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Frank Whittle and the Jet Man

A modern day jet man tells the story of the pioneer of the jetty engine.

Frank Whittle and the Jet Man

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Abass Ibn Firnas

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Abass Ibn Firnas

Legend has it Ibn Firnas jumped from a cliff with feathers attached to his arms and legs.

Abass Ibn Firnas

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Leonardo da Vinci

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Leonardo da Vinci

A legendary artist studies the bodies of flying animals in extraordinary detail.

Leonardo da Vinci

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Episode 2 Preview | The Airplane

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Episode 2 Preview | The Airplane

Take to the sky with the dreamers whose work gave humans the ability to fly.

Episode 2 Preview | The Airplane

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Discovering the Big Bang

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Discovering the Big Bang

In 1923, Edwin Hubble began the manual process of photographing the Andromeda Nebula.

Discovering the Big Bang

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World How Far Are the Stars?

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

How Far Are the Stars?

How a New York property boom led to the discovery of the distance to the stars.

How Far Are the Stars?

Video thumbnail: Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World Glass - A New Wonder Material

Breakthrough: The Ideas That Changed the World

Glass - A New Wonder Material

Learn how clear glass was born - and gave us spectacles almost 800 years ago.

Glass - A New Wonder Material